Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World: The Statue of Zeus

It is only fitting that the King of Gods, Zeus had a monumental structure in Peloponnesus, which is Modern Greece. The statue itself consisted of Ivory and was also gold-plated, which is expected for such a sacred being. The Statue of Zeus stood at an astonishing 40-feet and was located on the western coast of Greece. The Temple of Olympia is where the statue was and was in the location of the very first Olympic games.

The shrine to Zeus here was simple in the early years, but as time went by and the games increased in importance, it became obvious that a new, larger temple, one worthy of the King of the gods, was needed. Between 470 and 460 B.C., construction on a new temple was started. The designer was Libon of Elis and his masterpiece, The Temple of Zeus, was completed in 456 B.C..

To put the Statue of Zeus into perspective, the statue was about twice the size of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC. The photo above is a depiction of what researchers believed the Temple looked like. Although pictures existed, many were destroyed or on coins which were hard to make out.

Unfortunately, it was damaged in an earthquake in 170 B.C. and repaired. It mater burned down in 425 A.D. and is still in ruins in the ancient city of Peloponnesus. For more on the seven ancient wonders of the world and history, please visit Matthew D. McGrath‘s official website.

Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World: The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus

Goddess Artemis of Ephesus

Continuing on our venture to cover the Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World, the next stop is The Temple of Artemis. Located in Ephesus, which is present day Turkey, this temple is dedicated to the Goddess, Artemis. Historian believe the temple was built around 800 B.C. near the mashy waters of the Ephesus River.

Artemis, also known as Diana is known as the goddess of fertility and life. In pictures and sculptures she is often draped with eggs and/or multiple breasts to exemplify her symbol as the goddess of fertility. Even though the temple is not much of a landmark today, when it was first constructed and in its peak, the temple was a symbol of pride and was dealt with great respect. While the temple was standing, the city of Ephesus became a major port for trade and a hub for great architecture. With such great architecture and trade going in and out of Ephesus, the temple eventually lost its glory and started to deteriorate due to the lack of maintenance done.

Since the growth or trade in Ephesus as explained by UN Museum, “This temple didn’t last long. According to one story in 550 B.C., King Croesus of Lydia conquered Ephesus and the other Greek cities of Asia Minor and during the fighting, the temple was destroyed. An archeological examination of the site, however, suggests that a major flood hit the temple site at about the same time and may have been the actual cause of the destruction. In either case, the victorious Croesus proved himself a gracious new ruler by contributing generously to the building of a replacement temple.”

Despite the lack in popularity of the once majestic temple, it will always be noted as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

For more history information and news, please visit Matthew D McGrath‘s official website.