Continuing on our venture to cover the Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World, the next stop is The Temple of Artemis. Located in Ephesus, which is present day Turkey, this temple is dedicated to the Goddess, Artemis. Historian believe the temple was built around 800 B.C. near the mashy waters of the Ephesus River.
Artemis, also known as Diana is known as the goddess of fertility and life. In pictures and sculptures she is often draped with eggs and/or multiple breasts to exemplify her symbol as the goddess of fertility. Even though the temple is not much of a landmark today, when it was first constructed and in its peak, the temple was a symbol of pride and was dealt with great respect. While the temple was standing, the city of Ephesus became a major port for trade and a hub for great architecture. With such great architecture and trade going in and out of Ephesus, the temple eventually lost its glory and started to deteriorate due to the lack of maintenance done.
Since the growth or trade in Ephesus as explained by UN Museum, “This temple didn’t last long. According to one story in 550 B.C., King Croesus of Lydia conquered Ephesus and the other Greek cities of Asia Minor and during the fighting, the temple was destroyed. An archeological examination of the site, however, suggests that a major flood hit the temple site at about the same time and may have been the actual cause of the destruction. In either case, the victorious Croesus proved himself a gracious new ruler by contributing generously to the building of a replacement temple.”
Despite the lack in popularity of the once majestic temple, it will always be noted as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
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